Effect of Planned Teaching Programme on Bone Mineral Density among Middle aged Men and Women
Keywords:Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Bone Mineral Density, middle age men and women, Planned Teaching Programme, Osteoporosis Knowledge, Health Belief Scale
Osteoporosis is described as low Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and a major health concern for middle aged men and women. However, osteoporosis and its’ risk factors have been significantly understudied in the middle-aged populations. The study aimed to estimate the effect of Planned Teaching Programme (PTP) on BMD among middle aged men and women. With 100 samples, a quasi-experimental, post-test only design was adopted. With 25 men and 25 women with a total 50 participants in study and control group, who were was randomly assigned. The knowledge, health belief related to osteoporosis and bone density was measured using the Osteoporosis Knowledge and Health Belief Scale and a BMD machine. The study group received instruction on osteoporosis prevention and self-regulated brisk walking for 45 minutes, five days a week and data was collected after 3 months. BMD score revealed that in the study group 36 % men had normal bone density compared to 26% in control group. This was slightly different for women, i.e.34% of study group women had normal BMD and it was 30% for control group whereas 10% women had osteopenia in study group as compared to 16% in control group. About the osteoporosis incidence among study and control group, 6% women of study and 4% of control group had osteopenia compared to 2% and 6% respectively for men. The research group's knowledge and belief improved with statistical significance at p<0.001, indicating that the osteoporosis prevention program was helpful in enhancing BMD and reducing osteopenia in middle-aged men as well as women.
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