Metabolomics applications in bee science
Keywords:bee health, bee pollen, cerumen, GC-MS, honey, metabolomics, NMR, PCA, pesticides, propolis, OPLS-DA, PLS-DA
Metabolomics is a powerfull approach to investigate metabolic networks. It combines acquisition of detailed and complete chemical information via chromatographic and nuclear magnetic resonance with multivariate statistics. We reviewed metabolomic studies in bee science: 1. Bee health: Gut microbiota, nutritional stress, virus. 2. Bee pollen: Chemical profiling, 3. Cerumen: Chemical profiling. 4. Honey: Authenticity, botanical and geographical origin, mature honey. 5. Pesticides: Impact of phytochemicals in bees exposed to pesticides. 6. Pot-honey: Entomological origin, spatial memory activity, storage changes of chemical profile. 7. Pot-Pollen: Chemical profiling. 8. Propolis: Antibacterial activity of bee collected resins, chemical profiling, review of honey bee and stingless bee propolis. 9. Royal jelly: Chemical profiling. Scientific research of this review on metabolomics was done with the following species of bees: Apis mellifera, Austroplebeia australis, Bombus terrestris, Heterotrigona itama, Meliponula ferruginea, Tetragonula carbonaria and Tetragonula hockingsi.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.