Variation in the efficacy of organic extrants for the phytochemical validation of Sauropus androgynus – a multivitamin plant
Keywords:Sauropus andogynus leaves, organic solvents, bacterial species, bioactive compounds
Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr., known traditionally as a multivitamin plant being cultivated in kitchen garden throughout south Indian region. Different organic solvents such as Ethyl acetate, hexane, and methanol were used to extract the bioactive compounds from the fresh air dried plant leaves. Among which ethyl acetate extracted most of the bioactive compounds efficiently. The compounds like tannins, flavonoids, proteins, terpenoids, coumarins and steroids were extracted at varied concentration remain parallel with their bioactive principles. Test organisms used were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis showed their sensitiveness with the ethyl acetate extract in vitro. The percentage scavenging activity was also observed to be more with ethyl acetate extract, which was found to increase with concentration.
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