Systematic review on prescribing trends of antibiotics in community acquired pneumonia
Keywords:Prescribing pattern, Resistance pattern, Antibiotics, Gram positive bacteria, Gram negative bacteria
Community acquired pneumonia is one of the leading cause for death in the world. The study evaluates the prescribing trends of antibiotics in the management of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and in assessing the antibiotic culture sensitivity pattern. The study highlights the usage of antibiotics rationally to prevent antibiotic resistance so that the antibiotic agents are preserved for future patients. A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The investigators independently performed the literature review and screened the articles for relevance and eligibility. The most common gram positive microorganism was Streptococcus pneumoniae and the common gram negative microorganism was Klebsiella pneumoniae. Streptococcus pneumoniae is almost resistant to macrolides. The most common dual therapy prescribed to the study patients were beta-lactam combined with macrolides. The study emphasizes the importance of proper selection of antibiotics to prevent the increased incidence of antibiotic resistance.
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